Electrical Stimulation (E-stim). E-stim is a type of modality commonly used in physical therapy in order to help with an injury and inflammation. Common conditions that this modality can be used on is low back pain, neck pain, tendonitis, bursitis, muscular re-education and even post-surgical pain. This modality can be used for various different conditions, even wound care.
There are different types of electrical stimulation, the most common ones we use are:
- TENS – Transcutaneous electrical neuromuscular stimulation is basically used in order to manage chronic and acute pain. The electrode pads that are attached to the TENS are placed over painful areas in order to decrease the pain. The electricity that is transferred will help block the pain signals that travel from the body to the brain
- NMES – Neuromuscular electrical stimulation – Electrical stimulation is used to contract a single or a group of muscles. Appropriate placement of the pads can be used to contract these muscles for educational purposes. In addition to improving overall muscular function, the NMES can also help with blood flow and decreasing muscle spasms.
There are contra-indications to using electrical stimulation and your physical therapist will make sure that it is safe to use the treatment based on your past medical history and current complaints.
During the treatment, your physical therapist will explain to you about the benefits and risk of electrical stimulation.